Deep in the gut of Atlantic, Pacific and Mediterranean oceans scientists found 100 dead bodies of sea turtles and the reason behind of their death was Micro plastic particles, these are fragments of plastic and shockingly these plastics have been found in every single species of turtle spanning the world’s oceans. A big amount of plastic materials extricated in the form of fibers which are mostly used in textiles, smoking filters, fishing nets, even researchers found plastic micro beads which are commonly used in cosmetics products. The Bakelite was first produced in 1907 as synthetic plastic, an inauguration of the global plastics industry, even though till 1950 or can be said till 50 years of global plastic production was very minimalist. But the plastic production boom has been started from last 65 years, during this period there is an annual increment of approx. 200 to 381 million tonnes, in concise this is as equivalent to the mass of two-thirds of the world population. So, which countries have opted most for the plastics let’s have a look:
East-Asia’s most populated country is producing 8.82 metric million tonnes of plastic waste per year, daamm… and after the use about 27% is mismanaged. This country is sharing 14000 km long coastline therefore there is easy way for the disposal of plastics in ocean, this country is contributing 1.32-3.52 metric million tonnes of marine pollution.
Country of jeopardy not only for plastic production even also as it is encompassed with numerous volcanoes, also infamous for largest Islands country and being 4th most populous country in the world. In April 2018, citizens of Indonesia’s 3rd largest city Bandung, witnessed the exuberant accumulation of plastic waste they compared it with an iceberg. Annual plastic waste production of Indonesia is 3.2 million metric tonnes and out of that 10% is mismanaged. As this country is surrounded with ocean have major scope of disposing it in ocean about 0.48-1.29 million metric tonnes is disposed off in the ocean annually.
A country which is comprised of more than 7000 islands next to Indonesia even in plastic waste production, annually Philippines is producing 1.88 million metric tonnes of plastic waste and out of this total garbage 5.9% is mismanaged, about 0.285-0.75 million metric tonnes is abandoned in ocean. What is the reason behind of this marine pollution? Froilan Grate, executive director of the Philippines branch of the Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives gave justification for this pollution he professed that Philippines is lacking garbage collection services in secondary cities and many of the country’s smaller islands is largely to blame for the overwhelming amount of marine plastic coming from the country.
As per 2016 census of Vietnam 94.6 million people inhabit which makes this country as 15th most populous country in the world. Every house hold in Vietnam is using average 4 plastic bags per day which is ultimately gets dumped in landfills or ocean. This alarming rise in plastic pollution makes this country top 4th in the world it produces 1.83 million metric tonnes of plastic waste 5.8% is highly mismanaged and 0.28-0.73 million metric tonnes is disposed off in ocean.
In Meethotamulla of Sri Lanka about 800 tonnes of waste were dump every day which resulted in 300ft-high (91m) pile of garbage debris and during flood this tower of debris shifted the collapsed over more than 40 residential houses. This country is dealing with many severe plastic waste management issues for example, illegal dumping and the public’s inclination towards plastic consumption. There is 1.59 million metric tonnes of plastic waste production ant out of this total plastic waste 5% is highly mismanaged, along with that 0.24-0.64 million metric tonnes of plastic is abandoned in marine water as this country is girdled with ocean. As per the plastic waste management Sri Lanka will remain in top 5 plastic waste producing countries till 2025.
After Sri Lanka Thailand is producing most plastic waste and it seems this is not following up other nations for the fight against plastic pollution, the matter of the fact came across when a dead whale had swallowed 80 tonnes of plastic waste. Thailand is producing 1.03 million metric tonnes of plastic waste out of that 3.2 % is mismanaged and 0.15-0.41 million metric tonnes is disposed off in ocean.
Khaled Fahmy who is the minister of environment in Egypt has proposed that Egypt consumes 12 billion tons of single-use plastic bags annually. Egypt is producing 0.97 million metric tonnes of plastic waste and 3% of this total produce is mismanaged, Egypt is also disposing off 0.15-0.39 million metric tonnes of plastic garbage in ocean which is causing severe damage to marine life. 8.Malaysia:
A Singapore news journal The Straits Times published recently: “Malaysia – where the world sends its trash”. As per the report of Greenpeace Agency Malaysia is importing nearly half a million tonnes of plastic waste from 19 countries by investigating packaging labels at dumpsites. Malaysia in itself is producing 0.97 million metric tonnes of plastic waste out of that 2.9% is mismanaged garbage and rest 0.14-0.37 million metric tonnes is thrown in ocean for marine debris.
As per the estimation Nigeria disposes around 200,000 metric tonnes of plastic waste into the Atlantic Ocean each year. In total Nigeria is producing 0.85 million metric tonnes of plastic waste and 2.7% is disposed of carelessly in every available space this is the high time to educate Nigerians for plastic waste recycle.
Solely Dhaka city produces approximately 14 million pieces of waste plastic bags which are generally disposed off in major water bodies like rivers and oceans which causes health hazards to marine life, even though Bangladesh citizens have experienced floods of 1998 and 2008 the major reason behind of these floods were blockage of the drains by plastic waste. Bangladesh is producing annually 0.79 million metric tonnes of plastic waste and out of this total produce 0.12-0.31 metric million tonnes is abandoned in Bay of Bengal.